Document scanning best practices
Our customers are important to us at Pearl Scan. Through superior communication and excellent customer service, we strive to keep our clients satisfied at every step of the document scanning process.
As part of this premium service we ensure that we comply with the best practices in the document scanning industry. To find out more about the accreditations we have, visit our accreditations page.
The document scanning best practices we follow
BSI PD 5000, PD 0010, PD 009 & PD 009
BSI PD 5000 – ‘International Code of Practice for electronic document and e-business transactions as legally admissible evidence’
This enables organisations to demonstrate the authenticity of their electronic documents and e-commerce transactions, so they can be used as legally admissible evidence.
BSI PD 0010 – ‘The principles of good practice for information management’
• Recognise and understand all types of information
• Understand the legal issues and execute "duty of care" responsibilities
• Identify and specify business processes and procedures
• Identify enabling technologies to support business processes and procedures
• Monitor and audit business processes and procedures
These five principles have been used as the basis for the structure and layout of all 3 parts of BIP 0008.
BSI BIP PD 0008 & 0009 – ‘The legal admissibility of information stored on electronic document management systems’
BSI BIP 0008 is a code of practice that provides guidance to ensure that electronic documents and scanned images will be accepted as evidence by the courts. The key to this guidance is that the process under which documents are managed is as important as the technology used – where a document is reproduced it should accurately reproduce the contents of the "original".
Originally introduced in 1996 the guideline has been updated several times in order to keep the standard relevant to take into account technological developments:
• BIP 0008-1:1999 Best practice guidelines for the management of electronic documents and systems to maximise their value in a Court of Law
• BIP 0008-1:2004 covers electronic creation and storage of documents
• BIP 0008-2:2005 covers documents communicated electronically (including e-mail)
• BIP 0008-3:2005 covers the linking of identity to an electronic document
• BIP 0008-1:2008 covers Local Authorities implementing Freedom of Information Act
• BIP 0008-2:2008 covers documents communicated electronically (including SMS messaging)
• BIP 0008-3:2008 covers the authenticity of electronic identities
BIP 0008 key principles
Authenticity – Processes to be followed at system planning, implementation and the procedures by which the systems should be operated.
Storage and access procedures – Procedures including scanning, indexing, retrieval, system administration, archiving, off-site storage and training, to be followed
Demonstrability of adherence – A structured audit process resulting in a Certificate of Conformity that displays demonstrability of adherence.
At Pearl Scan we follow BIP 0008 principles in that all images produced are dated, stamped and cannot be altered. The certification process we follow ensures that our clients have an audit trail of files that are scanned and then destroyed. This audit trail is important in determining that the original paper copies are now destroyed and that as a consequence the scanned images are deemed to be the originals.
Each batch of documents we collect is given a unique reference number. When delivering the scanned images back on disc, a list of all the files on that disc (HIT LIST) and a Destruction Request Form are provided using this reference number.
We only ever destroy the original documents when receiving a signed copy of the Destruction Request Form from our customers. Once this has been done, we then issue a Destruction Confirmation Certificate that states the originals have been destroyed.
The copies of the HIT LIST, Destruction Request and Destruction Confirmation Certificates are the evidence required for the scanned images to be legally admissible.
Law society guidance
Guidance in regards to legal admissibility of electronically stored documents has been provided by the Law Society in the publication ‘Guidance – ownership, storage and destruction of documents. The full text is available to read from the Law Society’s website. Here are some extracts:
6. Can I store documents photographically or electronically, and destroy the originals?
Original documents such as deeds, guarantees or certificates, which are not your own property, should not be destroyed without the express written permission of the owner. Where the work has been completed and the bill paid, other documents, including your file, may be stored, for example, on a CD ROM, computer system or microfilm and then destroyed after a reasonable time. In cases of doubt the owner's written permission should always be sought. If it is not possible to obtain such permission you will have to form a view and evaluate the risk. When seeking owners' permission to microfilm or store data electronically and destroy documents, you may wish to reserve the right to make a reasonable charge for preparing copies if they are later requested. See question 4(a) above for the requirements of Customs and Excise.
7. What is the evidential value of a photographically or electronically stored document where the original has been destroyed?
There is a dearth of judicial authority on this topic and, until the law and practice on the subject of microfilmed or electronically stored documents are clarified, it is only possible to provide general guidelines.
The Society has been advised that:
(a) A microfilm of any document in a solicitor's file will be admissible evidence to the same extent, no more and no less, as the document itself, provided that there is admissible evidence of the destruction of the document and identification of the copy.
(b) Written evidence of the destruction of the original and of identification of the copy will enable the microfilm to be adduced in subsequent civil proceedings (under the Civil Evidence Act 1968) and in criminal proceedings (under the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984).
8. What procedures would the Society recommend where an original document is stored electronically or photographically and then the original is destroyed?
(a) Written evidence of the destruction of the original and of identification of the copy must always be preserved in case oral evidence is no longer available when needed (see question 7(b) above).
(b) There should be a proper system for:
(i) identifying each file or document destroyed;
(ii) recording that the complete file or document, as the case may be, has been photographed;
(iii) recording identification by the camera operator of the negatives as copies of the documents photographed; and
(iv) preserving and indexing the negatives.
(c) If a microfilm, electronically or photographically stored data is required to be produced in evidence, a partner or senior member of staff should be able to certify that:
(i) the document has been destroyed;
(ii) the microfilm, electronically or photographically stored data is a true record of that document; and
(iii) the enlargement is an enlargement of the microfilm, electronically or photographically stored data.
(d) Microfilm copies of some documents (e.g. coloured plans) can be unsatisfactory, in which case the originals should be preserved.
9. Will I be covered by the Solicitors' Indemnity Fund if I lose a client's file or destroy it without the client's consent?
If you incur liability either to a client or to a third party by the loss or destruction of documents, cover will normally be provided by the Solicitors' Indemnity Fund.
With regard to point 8 (d) above - the scanned images are colour where necessary so that the evidential weight of colour plans and photographs are maintained in electronic format.
The FSA Handbook: Conduct of Business: Section 3.7: Records deals provides guidance for the term of document retention and the form of the record that is kept. The Handbook states:
3.7.4 A record may be in any form, provided that it is readily accessible for inspection by the FSA.
3.7.5 A firm may arrange for records to be kept in such forms as it chooses, such as hard copy, disk or tape…A record would be readily accessible if it were available for inspection within 48 hours of the request being made.
HMRC states that records kept in an electronic format are generally required to be treated the same as hard copies.
As long as your VAT records meet HMRC's requirements, you can keep them in both paper and electronic format. If you do keep all or part of your records on a computer or with a computer bureau, you must make sure that your records are easily accessible to you and to a VAT officer when they visit.
If you upgrade to a new computer system that is not compatible with your old one, you must make sure that the records held on your old system remain accessible for up to six years. If this is not possible, then you must make paper copies.
You can also keep your records on microfilm or microfiche, provided that copies can be easily produced and that there are adequate facilities for allowing VAT officers to view them when required. You do not have to apply in advance to keep your records in this way, but HMRC may require you to keep them in a different format if records are not easily accessible.
International codes of practice
This set of 5 International Codes of Practice cover the whole scope of the e-business revolution. They provide essential guidance on how e-commerce systems should be managed to provide the required security and integrity of business information:
Information Stored Electronically (DISC PD 0008:1999)
Electronic Communication and e-mail Policy
Identity, Signature and Copyright
Using Certification Authorities
Using Trusted Third Party Archives
PD 5000:1999 (mentioned previously) can help firms put management systems in place to show appropriate proof of:
Delivery of e-mail and attached documents
Authenticity and integrity of the messages
The use of encryption to ensure message privacy
Information used in this article was gained from the following websites:
Above information is guideline only.